Mosul the Pearl of Northern Iraq: Its History and Contribution to Classical Civilisation of Islam

Mosul, in Northern Iraq, is the country’s second largest city and the north’s major center for trade, industry and communications. Situated in the northwestern part of the country, on the west bank of Tigris, and close to the ruined Assyrian city of Nineveh, Mosul is called Al-Fayha’ (the paradise), Al-Khadhra’ (the green), and sometimes described as the Pearl of the North. In this article, the history of the city is narrated and the contribution of its scholars to Muslim Heritage in various domains is described through notable examples.

http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1406

Kitab al-diryaq from Mosul School, mid-13th century CE

A scene with animals, an image from the illustrated manuscript of Kitab al-diryaq from Mosul School, mid-13th century CE; Vienna, Nationalbibliothek, MS AF 10.
Image Source:http://www.oocities.org/egfroth1/Seljuqs.htm

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